About our collection
(Image: The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah (1852) by John Martin. From the Laing Art Gallery)
The only Roman stone toilet seat in Britain can be found at Segedunum Roman Fort.
Catherine Cookson's first commercial drawing is in the collection of South Shields Museum.
And the Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle holds one of the world's most important collections of work by 19th century artist John Martin.
Together, Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums' venues have vast collections of archives, art, archaeology, military and social history, maritime history, science and technology, natural sciences and ethnography.
Some of our collections – the art, natural science, archives and science and industry – have been awarded Designated status by the DCMS in recognition of their national importance.
Explore our collections to find items that are hundreds of millions of years old; MP3 players and computer games which we've collected to represent life today; and objects ranging from huge locomotives and engines to tiny insects.
We also hold finds from modern archaeological fieldwork that has been carried out within the Tyne and Wear region, a large prehistoric collection from Wearside and archaeological material from elsewhere in Britain, Ireland, Europe and Egypt.
Highlights of the Archaeology collection include:
- A rare pattern-welded sword and the only complete Roman ring-mail suit in the country, both found at Arbeia Roman Fort
- An unusual portable lead shrine and three complete bronze cooking pots deliberately hidden in one of the barracks, found at Segedunum Roman Fort
- A preserved loaf of bread from Ancient Egypt.
(Image: A 1970s Washington play park. Photo from Tyne & Wear Archives)
Tyne & Wear Archives hold documents relating to Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne, North Tyneside, South Tyneside and Sunderland, dating from the 12th to the 21st centuries.
The collection includes:
- Local authority records such as minutes, building plans and school records
- Hospital records
- Magistrates and other court records
- Business records, especially those of important local industries such as shipbuilding, engineering and mining.
- Church records including registers of baptisms, marriages and burials
- Records of local organisations of all sizes
- Private papers of individuals and families from all walks of life.
(Image: Family Feast by Barnaby Barford, from the Shipley Art Gallery).
TWAM's collection of oil paintings, watercolours and drawings, prints and sculpture ranges in date from the 15th century to the present day. It is particularly strong in British paintings from 1800 to 1950, and includes work by Edward Burne-Jones, William Holman Hunt, and Stanley Spencer. The Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle is also home to one of the world's most important collections of artwork by 19th century artist John Martin and a selection of his paintings can often be seen on show in the Laing's 18th and 19th century gallery.
There is also an important collection of 16th and 17th century Dutch and Flemish works, and continental paintings include masterpieces by Tintoretto and Gauguin (Tintoretto's Christ Washing the Disciples’ Feet (1548-9) can be seen at the Shipley Art Gallery in Gateshead).
The collection of watercolours are of international significance, and the extensive print collection includes work by Thomas Bewick.
The wide-ranging decorative art collections are mainly 18th to early 20th century in date. Key areas are glass, silver and ceramics, focusing on works made in the North East. These include 18th century Beilby glass, the 1824 Londonderry Glass Service, pottery produced on Tyneside and Wearside and a collection of Newcastle silver. Non-European collections include Chinese and Japanese ceramics, metalwork and lacquer.
Our ethnography collections are concerned with human cultures and help us to understand different societies through the things they have made and used.
The ethnography collections at the Great North Museum: Hancock include material from Africa, Asia, the Pacific and America.
Items from the Pacific are particularly well represented in the Great North Museum’s collections and include a decorated Maori paddle, from New Zealand, that was collected on Captain Cook’s first voyage around the world.
(Image: Packet of Hall-Mark Special Value Tea, 1914, from South Shields Museum)
The maritime collection reflects the pre-eminent role of the North East shipbuilding industry from 1800 -1980 and includes Turbinia, the world's first turbine-powered vessel. There is also an internationally significant collection of more than 500 models of ships built in famous Tyneside and Sunderland shipyards.
Science and Industry
The science and industry collection celebrates the region's vibrant history of innovation, enterprise and achievement and includes several world 'firsts'. For example, the invention of the light bulb by Joseph Swan is marked at Discovery Museum by a collection of historic electric lamps. There are also examples of the steam turbine, pioneered on Tyneside by Charles Parsons for electricity generation, and of the Doxford marine diesel engine, developed on Wearside and used for ship propulsion worldwide.
Costume and Textiles
Costume and textiles covers adult and children's wear, accessories and textiles, mainly from the locality from the 4th century AD to the present day.
The social history collection represents life in Tyne and Wear from the 17th century to the present. It focuses on communities, personal and family life, popular culture, and work.
We collect objects from the present as well as the past including clothing, technology, toys, retail equipment and household goods. Modern objects capture the history of today for future generations and preserve it for the future so that people can understand what life was like in the 21st century.
(Image: Rose Chafer beetle from the Great North Museum: Hancock)
It includes most groups of animals, plants, rocks, fossils and minerals, mainly from the British Isles but also from all over the world. Some of the more important collections include rare fossil amphibians and plants from the coal measures of Northumberland collected by Thomas Atthey and William Hutton, African mammals collected by Abel Chapman, pressed plants (some from the late 18th century), huge bird and birds' eggs collections, beautiful sea slugs collected by Albany Hancock and Joshua Alder, and a large collection of tiny sea creatures collected by George Brady, many from the famous round-the-world Challenger expedition of 1872-1876.
Many items from the Great North Museum: Hancock collection are housed in the Resource Centre in Discovery Museum.
There are over 600,000 specimens in the natural science collections managed by Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums. They are Designated as nationally important and are amongst some of the finest collections of their kind in the UK.
(Image: Strawberries - A photograph from Faith and Love - A Culture Shock story created by Estelle Scott)
TWAM has worked with communities on a number of projects over the years to capture their personal stories. These include:
The Culture Shock project used museum collections to inspire over 500 people to create their own digital stories.
Memorynet is a collection of oral histories, photographs and images exploring the lives of communities linked with the sea in the North East of England.
A collection of oral histories, photographs and images from a number of people from the Jewish community in Tyne and Wear.
We have a number of collections you can explore online through various themed projects.
The North East was inextricably linked with the state-sanctioned traffic in human beings. At the same time others in the North East were playing a vital role in the anti-slavery movement. This website offers access to research and the chance to see the archives and objects which document these hidden histories of North East people.
This website is dedicated to the memory of the RMS MAURETANIA, the most famous ship ever built on Tyneside, and the now lost skills of the shipyard workers that went into her construction.
Swan Hunter was one of the best known shipbuilding companies in the UK. Based in Wallsend the company was responsible for some of the greatest ships of the 20th century. This website features oral histories, photographs and emails exploring the lives of employees of Swan hunter.
The Discovering Bewick website explores works by the eighteenth century wood-engraver Thomas Bewick which are held in collections at the Laing Art Gallery and Newcastle City Library (Pease Collection) in Newcastle-upon-Tyne. All the examples are original (not reproduced) works by Thomas Bewick or his apprentices. They include paintings, drawings, woodblocks, copperplates and the exquisite wood-engravings which made Thomas Bewick a celebrity in his own lifetime.
The ceramic database records pottery found in archaeological excavations at sites across Hadrian's Wall.
This database explores the development and changing nature of prehistoric pottery in North East England, from the Neolithic through to the Roman Iron Age.
Geofinder is a website that provides access to a huge database of rocks, fossils and minerals held at the Great North Museum: Hancock in Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland Museum & Winter Gardens. These collections form part of the nationally recognized (Designated) Natural Science Collections managed by Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums.